>Low energy Ar+ ion irradiation induced surface modification in cadmium zinc telluride (CdZnTe)
In this paper, we report on modifications in structural, stoichiometry, and optical properties of cadmium zinc telluride (CdZnTe) crystals due to 1 keV Ar+ ion irradiation as a function of ion fluence, using ion flux of 1.7 × 1017 ions cm−2 s−1. The CdZnTe crystals were irradiated at normal incidence, using fluence range of 8 × 1017–3 × 1019 ions cm−2. Atomic force microscopy studies show sequential change in surface structure as a function of ion fluence, from homogeneously populated nano-hole to micron sized holes on the entire CZT crystal surface. These holes are well geometrically defined and most of them are rectangular in shape. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies show a reduction in Zn at % while Raman and photoluminescence studies show almost complete depletion of Te inclusions and slight red shifts, respectively, due to ion irradiations. Schottky diode radiation detectors fabricated from such defect free CZT crystals will show significantly higher energy resolution.
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